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Mercurius (Mercury) Hermes took it away and carried it to Sparta and threw it in Leda's lap. [7] Her cult may have originated at Smyrna. ], Nemesis enacted divine retribution on Narcissus for his vanity. From the fourth century onward, Nemesis, as the just balancer of Fortune's chance, could be associated with Tyche. Stasinus of Cyprus or Hegesias of Aegina, Cypria Fragment 8 (trans. While she slept, Jupiter [Zeus] embraced her and then flew away. Nemesis, her devotees and her place in the Roman world are fully discussed, with examples, in Hornum, Michael B., "Nemesis – Origin and history of nemesis by Online Etymology Dictionary", "Metamorphoses (Kline) 3, the Ovid Collection, Univ. Her Roman counterpart was Invidia, […] One source of the myth says that Nemesis was the mother of the Telchines, who others say were children of Pontus and Gaea or Thalassa. Now she took the form of a fish and sped over the waves of the loud-roaring sea, and now over Okeanos' (Oceanus') stream and the furthest bounds of Earth, and now she sped over the furrowed land, always turning into such dread creatures as the dry land nurtures, that she might escape him. According to another myth, Nemesis created an egg, from which two sets of twins hatched; one set was Helen of Troy and Clytemnestra, and the other was the Dioscuri. While many myths indicate Zeus and Leda to be the parents of Helen of Troy, the author of the compilation of myth called Bibliotheke notes the possibility of Nemesis being the mother of Helen. The father of Helene the Greeks like everybody else hold to be not Tyndareos (Tyndareus) but Zeus. Grant) (Roman mythographer C2nd AD) : Bacchylides, Fragment 52 (from Tzetzes on Theogony) (trans. et D. 183). He was a young man who was very arrogant and disdained those who loved him. Aldrich) (Greek mythographer C2nd AD) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. Constellation Swan (Cygnus). 236, note I). [10] She is shown on a few examples of Imperial coinage as Nemesis-Pax, mainly under Claudius and Hadrian. But Nemesis, as if wedded to the tribe of birds, when her months were ended, bore an egg. [2], The name Nemesis is related to the Greek word νέμειν némein, meaning "to give what is due",[3] from Proto-Indo-European nem- "distribute".[4]. Modern scholarship offers little support for the once-prevalent notion that arena personnel such as gladiators, venatores and bestiarii were personally or professionally dedicated to her cult. Nemesis: GreekMythology.com - Nov 27, 2020, Greek Mythology iOS Volume Purchase Program VPP for Education App. Rich-haired Nemesis gave birth to her [Helene (Helen)] when she had been joined in love with Zeus the king of the gods by harsh violence. 33. Nemesis was the goddess of divine retribution and revenge, who would show her wrath to any human being that would commit hubris, i.e. Pausanias noted her iconic statue there. It was believed that she was the daughter of the primordial god Oceanus. Greek Lyric IV) (Greek lyric C5th BC) : This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 20:21. Nemesis, in Greek religion, two divine conceptions, the first an Attic goddess, the daughter of Nyx (Night), and the second an abstraction of indignant disapproval, later personified. The poet Mesomedes wrote a hymn to Nemesis in the early second century AD, where he addressed her: Nemesis, winged balancer of life, dark-faced goddess, daughter of Justice. Its object was to avert the nemesis of the dead, who were supposed to have the power of punishing the living, if their cult had been in any way neglected (Sophocles, Electra, 792; E. Rohde, Psyche, 1907, i. The Greeks say that Nemesis was the mother of Helene (Helen), while Leda suckled and nursed her. She is portrayed as a winged goddess wielding a whip or a dagger. Nemesis did not thrust him away, but holding him in her arms, fell into a deep sleep. According to Hesiod, though, she was a child of Erebus and Nyx. In early times the representations of Nemesis resembled Aphrodite, who sometimes bears the epithet Nemesis. She was often called "Goddess of Rhamnous", an isolated place in Attica, where a temple was attributed to her. [2], Goddess of retribution in Greek mythology. The name Nemesis is related to the Greek word νέμειν némein, meaning "to give what is due", from Proto-Indo-European nem- "distribute". ad Lyc. Nemesis appears in a still more concrete form in a fragment of the epic Cypria. i. arrogance before the gods. Nemesis was the goddess of divine retribution and revenge, who would show her wrath to any human being that would commit hubris, i.e. From it sprang Helen, who excelled all other girls in beauty. Fab. In ancient Greek religion, Nemesis,[a] also called Rhamnousia or Rhamnusia (Ancient Greek: Ῥαμνουσία)[1] ("the goddess of Rhamnous"), is the goddess who enacts retribution against those who succumb to hubris (arrogance before the gods). A festival called Nemeseia (by some identified with the Genesia) was held at Athens. Nemesis led him to a pool, where he saw his reflection and fell in love with it. Nemesis the goddess (perhaps of fertility) was worshipped at Rhamnus in Attica and was very similar to Artemis (a goddess of wild animals, vegetation, childbirth, and the hunt). Nemesis was widely used in the Greek tragedies and various other literary works, being the deity that would give what was due to the protagonist. The word nemesis originally meant the distributor of fortune, neither good nor bad, simply in due proportion to each according to what was deserved. In the Theogony, Nemesis is the sister of the Moirai (the Fates), the Keres (Black Fates), the Oneiroi (Dreams), Eris (Discord) and Apate (Deception), In some metaphysical mythology, Nemesis produced the egg from which hatched two sets of twins: Helen of Troy and Clytemnestra, and the Dioscuri, Castor and Pollux. In the third century AD, there is evidence of the belief in an all-powerful Nemesis-Fortuna. Nemesis is a personification of the moral reverence for law, of the natural fear of committing a culpable action, and hence of conscience, and for this reason she is mentioned along with Aidôs, i. e. Shame (Hes. But Zeus ever pursued and longed in his heart to catch her. She was worshipped by a society called Hadrian's freedmen. § 3, vii. and mentioned her "adamantine bridles" that restrain "the frivolous insolences of mortals". From this union, she laid an egg, which some herdsman found among the trees and handed over to Lede (Leda). 33. Nemesis has been described as the daughter of Oceanus or Zeus, but according to Hyginus she was a child of Erebus and Nyx. Nemesis was widely used in the Greek tragedies and various other literary works, being the deity that would give what was due to the protagonist. She was considered a remorseless goddess. At Smyrna there were two manifestations of Nemesis, more akin to Aphrodite than to Artemis. She was sometimes called "Adrasteia", probably meaning "one from whom there is no escape"; her epithet Erinys ("implacable") is specially applied to Demeter and the Phrygian mother goddess, Cybele. She was later also known as Rhamnousia and Rhamnusia. Having heard this legend [the sculptor] Pheidias has represented Helene as being led to Nemesis by Leda, and he has represented Tyndareos and his children. She was considered a remorseless goddess. 223, Op. As the "Goddess of Rhamnous", Nemesis was honored and placated in an archaic sanctuary in the isolated district of Rhamnous, in northeastern Attica. Nemesis was worshipped by the Romans, (who invoked her on the Capitol), as a divinity who possessed the power of averting the pernicious consequences of envy. She was also called Adrasteia, meaning “the inescapable,” or the “Goddess of Rhamnous” in recognition of her famous temple in the city Rhamnous. 5. [citation needed]. [citation needed] Later, Nemesis came to suggest the resentment caused by any disturbance of this right proportion, the sense of justice that could not allow it to pass unpunished. See Also: Narcissus, Oceanus, Erebus, Nyx. Because he was seen by men flying high in the sky, they said he was put in the stars. I will now go on to describe what is figures on the pedestal of the statue [of Nemesis at Rhamnos], having made this preface for the sake of clearness. 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