Soutern Yellow Pine vs. College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences You can also get up to $50 back for planting this tree yourself through our. Except cypress, all the other trees mentioned in the question belong to same family, “pinaceae”. One of the first and easiest ways that experienced woodworkers can tell the difference between whitewood and pine is the number of knots that it has. Pine has broad grain lines that wander, making it far weaker than fir. This grouping of species stretches across the northern regions of the USA. We connect with people in all stages of life, from young children to older adults. CFAES Diversity | Nondiscrimination notice | Site Map. These needles are especially unique among this trio of trees. Friendly fir, spikey spruce. Mature pine and spruce cones are pendulant or hang downward from their point of attachment to the branch. As a result, pine cones tend to be more rigid than spruce cones. Not all conifers that produce cones are pines. are all types, or genera, of medium to tall (60-200 feet), evergreen, needle-bearing, cone-producing trees that have a conical or pyramidal shape. 2120 Fyffe Road | Room 3 Ag Admin Bldg. True pine trees will have needles in clusters of two, three, or five. ), and fir (Abies spp.) Sydnor, T. D. and W. F. Cowen. The most popular trees on his farm are the Fraser Fir, the Balsam Fir and the Blue Spruce. However, pine trees have fewer branches, so they tend to look a bit more sparse than firs or spruces. In this comparison guide of whitewood vs pine, we are going to point out all the existing differences between them. . ... As Jim says, consult with Richard. 2). Strength: Douglas Fir vs. The western species within the grouping are Engelmann Spruce, Sitka Spruce, and Lodgepole Pine. Non-Profit Web Design and Development by New Media Campaigns. Spruce. Be warned though, the length of cones can vary from tree to tree, so the length is not a reliable way to indicate the species of conifer you’re trying to identify. The examples being Virginia pine (two-needled), loblolly pine (three-needled), and eastern white pine (five-needled). Female cones of pine, spruce, and fir start development pointing upward. Fir, spruce and pine trees are all evergreen trees. If you have a disability and experience difficulty accessing this content request accommodation here. forestry.ohiodnr.gov/spruce (Accessed 11-8-2018). Pine cone scales tend to be thicker and woodier than spruce cone scales which are more papery in texture. To aid in the task of evergreen identification, Curtis Young, Extension Educator in Van Wert County, recently published an OSU FactSheet titled, “Is It Pine, Spruce, or Fir?” Curtis covers three types, or genera, of evergreens that one might encounter in Ohio. Cones consist of scales attached to a central stalk. Unless you are a well-experienced person in wood, it’s hard to tell the difference. In contrast, spruce cones have thinner scales than pinecones, which gives them a more flexible feel. Spruce needles easily roll between one’s fingers and have a distinctive square (four-sided) shape. The Blue Spruce is a tree that, as Leyden puts it, "has a really great shape." If you do not see these markers, it is still possible that you are not purchasing whitewood that comes from the tulip tree. The length, sharpness, and persistence of these spines can help to identify the pines. These cones are built from scales attached to a center stalk – these scales are what can help you differentiate between a pine cone and a spruce cone. Be warned though, the length of cones can vary from tree to tree, so the length is not a reliable way to indicate the species of conifer you’re trying to identify. They possess physical characteristics that can help distinguish between them. Pinecone scales are woody in nature, with a rigid feel. Homeowners, landowners, and consumers often get these trees confused and even some well-versed gardeners have difficulties keeping them straight. Evergreens may look alike for most people. Fir needles are soft, flat (two-sided) and cannot be rolled between one’s fingers. Photos by author. The branches of a pine tree don’t grow in as thickly as on spruce or fir trees; they can be … Concolor fir have longer needles that may be as blue as a blue spruce. The exception to this is a Douglas Fir. These cones are built from scales attached to a center stalk – these scales are what can help you differentiate between a pine cone and a spruce cone. Fir tree needles also grow individually on the branch but the needles are soft and flat and don’t roll between your fingertips. Figure 2. These are all conifers which are usually referred as “Christmas trees”. forestry.ohiodnr.gov/fir (Accessed 11-8-2018). The following characteristics should be noted: a) are the needles attached to the branches singularly or in groups, b) if singularly, is each needle attached directly to the branch or is each needle connected to the branch via a short "wooden peg", and c) are the needles flat (basically two-sided) or angled (three- or four-sided)? The Virginia pine Requires full sun where it may reach 20 to 30 feet in height in approximately 40 years. — Kristina (Tazeka) Jun 29, 2017. The most popular species fall into three categories; pine, spruce, or fir. For technical support please contact the CFAES Helpdesk. I cut my own boards and used the same 2" (actual 50mm!) Pine trees feature needles that cluster in groups of two, three or five and jet outward from the branches, whereas spruce and fir trees feature needles that are individually attached to the branches. Things can get a bit trickier if you are not comparing equal grades of wood, though. And yet, it is very important to be able to identify these trees to understand where they will grow well, how to take good care of them, and when needed, how to diagnose why they might be ailing. (2018). Each type of tree has advantages and disadvantages, the following list will help you better understand your options. Additional needle characteristics (e.g., needle length, sharpness, flexibility, scent, and color) are needed when separating tree species from one another within the genera (pines, spruces, and firs). Taking a look at how the cones grow will usually (not always) help you tell if it is a spruce or fir tree. Mar 26, 2017. DeltaMan. I’ve worked with many different types of pine throughout every one of my 48 years since I picked up my first piece of Russian redwood to carve a boat from. Differences between them Environmental Sciences 2120 Fyffe Road | Room 3 Ag Admin Bldg maybe ) the on! Typically have more knots than pine the same 2 '' ( actual 50mm! 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