This period is made up of 63 days of leave before the birth (antenatal leave) and 63 days after the child is born (postnatal leave). Maternity leave (Mutterschaftsurlaub) is the statutory time off work for maternity reasons. Maternity allowance is equal to 85% of the average monthly income earned by the mother during the last 6 months prior to maternity leave. In 2019, the EU institutions are set to approve new work-life balance legislation, which will introduce minimum standards for paid paternity leave across the EU. Maternal risk allowance may be granted for up to 120 days before and after maternity leave on the recommendation of a family doctor or obstetrician and gynaecologist. The length of maternity leave varies from the maternity directive recommendation of 14 weeks (Sweden, Germany, and Switzerland) to the average 18 weeks in most other countries. No woman is allowed to work eight weeks (or 12 weeks in case of high-risk births) before and after her expected due date. Italy and Poland offer maternity leave periods reaching past 20 weeks and both Ireland (42 weeks) and Czech Republic (28 weeks) offer extended leave periods to new mothers. This infographic aims to present the current maternity and paternity leave situation in EU Member States. If a woman goes on pregnancy and maternity leave 30 days or more before her expected due date, she is paid the benefit for all 140 calendar days. Maternal risk leave (concediu medical şi indemnizaţie de risc maternal) may be granted to pregnant or postpartum women who are not on maternity leave and whose employer cannot guarantee working conditions that are free of risks to their health or that of their child. The link below gives more information about your rights and obligations with regard to maternity leave and allowance and maternal risk leave and allowance. The certificate for maternity leave is issued by the doctor with whom the woman is registered. It is tied to health care insurance: at least 365 days of insurance during the last two years before delivery are needed, and birth has to take place during the insurance period or within 42 calendar days of its expiry (or 28 in case of receiving Accident cash benefit (Baleseti táppénz)). The remaining 84 days need not be taken if the mother does not feel that she needs them or can be taken earlier, before the birth or later, after the birth. The pregnant employee must inform her employer in writing and attach the document issued by the doctor. Maximum maternity leave is 24 weeks, 4 of which may be taken before the calculated date of delivery. Maternity leave. The infant care allowance is equal to 70% of the average daily pay in the period specified in the Act. Maternity allowance is not subject to the income tax system, but recipients must pay a contribution of 10% of it to the health insurance system. This Eastern European country gives new mothers a whopping 58.6 weeks — more than a year — of paid maternity leave, according to the OECD. The maternity or maternal risk allowance is paid by the employer. To receive maternity leave and allowance, you must meet the following conditions: To receive maternal risk leave, you must meet the following conditions: Maternity allowance is paid to the mother for 126 calendar days while she is on leave. The completion of at least four prenatal medical examinations (one in case of premature birth) or the res iudicata judgement on adoption or guardianship within 180 days of confinement is needed. The first 42 days of leave after the child is born are compulsory. In the case of employed persons, maternity leave and maternal risk leave are given by the employer on the recommendation of a specialist doctor or family doctor. This revised version presents the situation in the 28 Member States as known to us on 18 March 2019. A birth grant is not paid to parents who agreed to give up a child for adoption before the birth. The infant care allowance is equal to 70% of the average daily pay in the period specified in the Act. A new proposed directive on work-life balance, due to be voted on by Parliament in April 2019, is expected to introduce a mandatory period of paternity leave across the Union. This site is managed by the Directorate-General for Employment, social affairs and inclusion, Follow the European Commission on social media, Delivering on the European Pillar of Social Rights, Bodies promoting equal treatment and supporting workers in the European Union and their family members, Accidents at work and occupational diseases, Member States wishing to be notified of all posting situations on their territory, Digitalisation in social security coordination. The following benefits are covered in this chapter: Infant care allowance (Csecsemőgondozási díj) is available to the mothers, exceptionally to adoptive parents, guardians or fathers, during the period of maternity leave. - 1054 MAGYARORSZÁG/HUNGARYhttps://cst.tcs.allamkincstar.gov.hu/, Fiumei út 19/a. Birth grant can be claimed up to six months after birth. Maternity leave policies in EU Member States are governed by the 1992 Pregnant Workers Directive. Maternal risk allowance is equal to 75% of the mother's average monthly income over the last 10 months before the benefit was requested. 1081 MAGYARORSZÁG/HUNGARY, https://egbiztpenzbeli.tcs.allamkincstar.gov.hu, e-mail: email@example.com, This site is managed by the Directorate-General for Employment, social affairs and inclusion, Follow the European Commission on social media, Delivering on the European Pillar of Social Rights, Bodies promoting equal treatment and supporting workers in the European Union and their family members, Accidents at work and occupational diseases, Member States wishing to be notified of all posting situations on their territory, Digitalisation in social security coordination. Most EU countries also grant an additional period of parental leave, but parental leave is not covered in this infographic.
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