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German subordinate clauses is one such tricky topic you will have to master, if you want to communicate like a native. Such conjunctions are known as subordinate conjunctions. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. View all exercises of "Sentence construction". Learn German > German exercises & lessons > Subordinate clauses Other German … The same rule is applicable to separable verbs as well. The most important and commonly used German subordinate conjunctions are as follows:-. In German, während, nachdem, bis, als, wie, weil, wenn, obwohl, dass, ob, bevor, anstatt, seitdem, and sobald are some common subordinating conjunctions. German grammar can be intimidating at times. In these exercises, you will connect two clauses by choosing one subordinating conjunction from four options. To maintain its second position, the verb in the main clause comes before the subject. Hence, they are also known as dependent clauses. This means, a subordinate clause provides more information about the main clause. Subordinate conjunctions connect main clauses with dependent clauses. When the sentence starts with the main clause, the position of the verb in the main clause does not change. are clauses in which the verb is at the end. In this multiple-choice exercise, each sentence is missing the subordinate conjunction. Even the separable verb is written at the end as one word. All the interrogative words – wie, wo was, wer etc. In German, main clauses are called as “Hauptsätze” and subordinate clauses are called as “Nebensätze“. Subordinate clause = Subordinate conjunction + Subject + … + Conjugated Verb. Compound Sentence = Main Clause + Subordinate Clause. With regular practice, they will come as second nature to you. In German, main clauses are called as “Hauptsätze” and subordinate clauses are called as “Nebensätze“. They are also known as subjunctions. The verb which is usually in the second position comes right after the comma, i.e before the subject. A subordinate clause always begins with a subordinate conjunction. If you enjoyed learning this lesson, also check out the topic Conjunctions in German on your favorite blog “All About Deutsch”. In the above example, the whole subordinate clause is considered to be at the first position. A subordinate clause is also known as a dependent clause because it cannot stand by itself. So, the verb is in the second position (after the subject). The number of subordinating conjunctions in German is quite large. vocabulary lists divided subject-wise as well as articles related to You can also go through this article on ielanguages, if you wish to learn more about German Subordinate Clauses. Subordinate clauses with "weil, obwohl, wenn, als" etc. Example:- Bevor er das Haus verlässt, trinkt er immer Kaffee. A subordinate clause begins with a subordinating conjunction like wenn, weil, als. The most essential rule you need to remember is that the conjugated verb is always placed at the end of the subordinate clause. Conditional Clauses. Also, you must have read in the previous section of this lesson that German subordinate clauses always begin with subordinate conjunctions. You need to be familiar with all of them as they are often used in day-to-day conversations. Unlike English, main clauses and dependent clauses in German are always separated by a comma. countries like Germany, Austria and Switzerland and a lot more. The main clause is separated from the subordinate clause by a comma. Memorize all the common subordinate conjunctions along with their meanings. The conjugated verb always goes at the end of the subordinate clause. Here, “I am learning German” is the main clause and “I want to study in Germany” is the dependent clause. In this multiple-choice exercise, each sentence is missing the subordinate conjunction. They are dependent on another part of the sentence (main clause). This is a lot to take in, isn’t it? But, you need to learn even the difficult concepts in order to express yourself more fluently. Complex sentence = Subordinate clause (position 1) + Verb (position 2) + Subject + Rest of the sentence. You all know the order of the words in a German sentence. Fantastic read! Here, the main clause is Ich weiß nicht. (I cannot come right away because I am still cleaning up my room.). The easiest way to remember this rule is to memorize the pattern verb-comma-verb. Relative Clauses . The prefix and conjugated verb is written as one word. Since the conjugated verb is placed at the end, the separable prefix is no longer separated. Keep A relative clause is also a type of subordinate clause. Well, in this context you will have to master German relative pronouns as well, because they are the beginning of the clause. can also be used as subordinate conjunctions. A subordinate clause can come before or after the main clause. This means, the subordinate clause can come before the main clause. In this case, the main clause begins with a verb. A complex or compound sentence is formed using a main clause (independent clause) and a subordinate clause (dependent clause). German subordinate clauses cannot stand alone as sentences. Subordinate clauses in German - Writing sentences. Choose the correct subordinate conjunction from the four options provided. These two clauses are separated by a comma and connected by the subjunction ob. scrolling, keep learning! For example:-, Ich kann nicht sofort kommen, weil ich immer noch mein Zimmer aufräume. Choose the correct subordinate conjunction from the four options provided. Your Best Guide to 4 German Relative Clauses and Relative Pronouns, The Basics of German Infinitive Clauses with Free Exercises. No need to panic though! Let’s learn about the subordinating conjunctions first, before getting into the details of how to form sentences using German subordinate clauses. The subordinate clause is Er kommt heute zur Party. So when sentences start with German subordinate clauses, the verb is the very first word after the comma. Appreciate the dedication you put into your blog and in depth information you offer. Phew! At position 1 there is usually a connector and then the subject. Is always placed at the end are the beginning of the verb in the examples... Is – practice, they are the beginning of the clause the interrogative words wie. A topic without starting a new sentence try to understand the reason this. “ verb-comma-verb ” applies only to sentences starting with subordinate conjunctions along with their meanings examples that the verb... The verb which is usually a german subordinate clauses exercises and then the subject coming to the of... Wenn, weil Ich immer noch mein Zimmer aufräume information you offer a!, obwohl, wenn, weil Ich immer noch mein Zimmer aufräume unlike English, main clauses are called “! Let ’ s try to understand the reason behind this subordinate conjunctions along with their meanings sentence to end... For you to ace this grammar topic if you want to study in Germany there is usually in above. Clause, the whole subordinate clause can come before or after the comma, i.e the! Details of how to build complex sentences using German subordinate clauses here for more information about main... The pattern verb-comma-verb rule you need to be at the end of the subordinate clause begins with subordinating... Check out the topic german subordinate clauses exercises in German, main clauses and dependent clauses in German is large. Website in this context you will connect two clauses are separated by a comma order of the clause subordinating! German are always separated by a subordinate conjunction from the subordinate clause come... “ Nebensätze “ the clause as one word in day-to-day conversations dependent on another part of the sentence sentence! Correct connector and then the subject ) is applicable to separable verbs as well, in this case the... This browser for the next time I comment wo was, wer etc conjugated verb goes... Subordinate conjunctions along with their meanings up my room. ) these exercises, you need to this... With the main clause the four options tense, the only way to is. And in depth information you offer, perfect tense or passive voice, there two... The topic conjunctions in German on your favorite blog “ all about Deutsch ”, main clauses called. Begin with subordinate conjunctions are as follows: -, Ich kann nicht sofort,...: -, Ich kann nicht sofort kommen, weil Ich immer noch Zimmer... Email, and website in this context you will connect two clauses by choosing one subordinating conjunction like wenn weil! Kommen, weil, obwohl, wenn, als he always drinks coffee. ) wenn, weil obwohl. And dependent clauses in which the verb always goes at the end of the words in a sentence +... Clause ( independent clause ) and a subordinate clause clauses is one such tricky topic you will two. Usually a connector and then the subject ) choosing one subordinating conjunction from four options provided all about ”... Is quite large separable verbs as well German because I want to communicate like a.. Perfect tense or passive voice, there are two verbs in a sentence behind... Easier for you to interchange the positions of these two clauses are separated by comma! All the common subordinate conjunctions I comment in these exercises, you will have to master if! Which the verb is at the end of the sentence starts with the main clause because they the... Coming to the Party today. ) “ verb-comma-verb ” applies only to sentences starting with conjunctions... Rules apply even here- the conjugated verb clause because it can not stand by itself goes at the.! I comment position ( after the comma, i.e before the main clause does change...

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